Leukotrienes (LTs) are cell-membrane derived lipid inflammatory mediators, synthesized and eliminated by the liver. LTs have effects on liver cells in some pathological conditions. In this study, we measured plasma endogenous and liberated leukotriene (LT) concentration in peripheral blood leukocytes stimulated in vitro by the calcium ionophore (CaA23187) and platelet-activating factor (PAF). Production of LTs was measured in type A (n=37) and type B (n=10) acute hepatitis patients and control subjects (n=10). LTs levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and radioimmunoassay (RIA). The concentration of LTB4 measured in plasma and stimulated peripheral blood leukocyte supernatants of children with hepatitis A infection was found to be statistically elevated and in positive correlation with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. In plasma samples of hepatitis B patients, LTC4 and LTE4 were measured in significantly elevated concentrations. These results suggest that LTB4 may be a critical mediator of hepatitis A virus-induced hepatocellular injury.

How to cite

Kasirga E, Coker I, Aydoğdu S, Yağci RV, Taneli B, Gousseinov A. Blood levels of leukotrienes (LTC4, D4, E4, B4) and synthesis of leukotriene B4 by peripheral leukocytes in children with acute A and B hepatitis. Turk J Pediatr 1999; 41: 457-465.