Background. This study aimed to examine early clinical and laboratory findings in infants born to mothers who had organ transplants and received immunosuppressive treatment.

Methods. Between 2016 and 2023, the study examined infants of mothers who underwent organ transplantation and were receiving immunosuppressive treatment, and followed at the Department of Neonatology at Akdeniz University. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of mothers and infants were recorded. On the first day of life, complete blood count values were examined, as well as potassium levels on the first, third, and seventh days, and creatinine levels on the third and seventh days. The tacrolimus blood level was calculated by taking the average of the tacrolimus blood values of the mother measured during the pregnancy. The infants were evaluated for any potential morbidities caused by intrauterine immunosuppressive drug exposure.

Results. The study included 21 mothers (some with multiple pregnancies) and 27 infants. According to the findings of this study, 74% of these infants were born premature, 67% had low birth weight, and all were delivered via cesarean section. Prematurity was associated with the morbidities found in the infants. In the early period, lymphopenia was detected in 37%, neutropenia in 25.9%, thrombocytopenia in 11.1%, hyperkalemia in 18.5%, and creatinine elevation in 7.4%, all of which returned to normal within a few days. There was no significant relationship between maternal tacrolimus blood levels and infant potassium and creatinine levels.

Conclusion. Apart from an increased risk of prematurity, low birth weight, and cesarean delivery, no effects were observed in these infants during the early period. However, long-term follow-up is necessary to monitor for any potential morbidities.

Keywords: organ transplantation, pregnancy, immunosuppressive treatment, prematurity