Background. Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by ANTXR2 pathogenic variants. The disorder is characterized by the deposition of amorphous hyaline material in connective tissues. The hallmarks of the disease are joint contractures, generalized skin stiffness, hyperpigmented papules over extensor surfaces of joints, fleshy perianal masses, severe diarrhea, and gingival hypertrophy. The severity of the disease varies and prognosis is poor. No specific treatment is yet available. Most patients with the severe form of the condition pass away before the second year of age. In this study, we describe the clinical and molecular findings of a cohort of seven hyaline fibromatosis syndrome patients who were diagnosed and followed up at a single tertiary reference center in Turkey.

Methods. Genomic DNA was extracted by standard salting out method from peripheric blood samples of three patients. In one patient DNA extraction was performed on pathology slides since peripheric blood DNA was not available. All coding exons of the ANTXR2 were amplified and sequenced on ABI Prism 3500 Genetic Analyser.

Results. Sanger sequencing was performed in 3 patients and homozygous c.945T>G p.(Cys315Trp), c.1073dup p.(Ala359CysfsTer13), and c.1074del p.(Ala359HisfsTer50) variants were identified in ANTXR2. All patients passed away before the age of five years.

Conclusions. HFS is a rare, progressive disorder with a broad phenotypic spectrum. HFS can be recognized easily with distinctive clinical features. Nevertheless, it has poor prognosis with increased mortality due to severe clinical decompensation.

Keywords: Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome, juvenile hyaline fibromatosis, infantile systemic hyalinosis, ANTXR2, CMG2

How to cite

Daşar T, Gönen HN, Kösemehmetoğlu K, et al. Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome: a rare, yet recognizable syndrome. Turk J Pediatr 2024; 66: 205-214. https://doi.org/10.24953/turkjpediatr.2024.4511


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